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These people, whose origins lay in the salaried middle class and the upper grades of the working class, had been shaped and brought together by the barren world of monopoly industry and centralized government.As compared with their opposite numbers in past ages, they were less avaricious, less tempted by luxury, hungrier for pure power, and, above all, more conscious of what they were doing and more intent on crushing opposition.” This hunger “for pure power”, that is, the psychological need to have another person at one’s mercy, can be manifested in many degrees.
Her understanding of sexual repression as a mechanism to incite "war fever" and "leader worship" renders her sexual activity a political act. Grade Saver provides access to 1214 study guide PDFs and quizzes, 9407 literature essays, 2422 sample college application essays, 424 lesson plans, and ad-free surfing in this premium content, “Members Only” section of the site!
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Rather, she possesses a mix of sensuality and practicality that enables her to plan their affair with ruthless efficiency and then enjoy it with abandon. When he tells her, "We are the dead," she replies calmly, "We're not dead yet." Julia is more optimistic than Winston, and uses her body to remind him that he is alive.
She accepts the Party and her life for what it is, and tries to make the best of a situation that cannot be greatly improved.
For Orwell, this occurs whenever a rebellion does not proceed from the “generous anger” that, for example, inspired Dickens (as we shall see, this generous anger is always linked to ), but when its deep psychological roots are located in envy, hatred and resentment.
No authentic rebellion can arise from this poisoned spring.3 And in such cases, those who are possessed by their own hatred are perfectly capable of imagining that they are the living negation of the reigning despotism, but, to use cinematographic terms, they are merely the negative of the same movie.The opening of Book Two of 1984, in which Winston meets Julia and begins the erotic affair he has so deeply desired, commences the main section of the novel and strikes an immediate contrast between the two lovers.Unlike Winston, Julia is neither overly speculative about, nor troubled by, the Party.The highest degree of the love for power, however, is, of course, the need to exercise violent rule over the other, whether psychologically or physically. It is the exact opposite of the stupid hedonistic Utopias that the old reformers imagined.Totalitarian politics proceeds at this latter level. A world of fear and treachery is torment, a world of trampling and being trampled upon, a world which will grow not less but more merciless as it refines itself.To the extent that the rebellion of the modern intellectual against the established order is often nourished on his own resentment (unlike the workers and the humble folk, whose rebellion is a spontaneous rejection of the real injustices that they suffer from or that they have witnessed), it is logical that the intellectual context of contemporary societies, in the broadest sense of the term, represents for Orwell the privileged embodiment of the will to power.This explains why, in the society of Oceania, “the new aristocracy was made up for the most part of bureaucrats, scientists, technicians, trade-union organizers, publicity experts, sociologists, teachers, journalists, and professional politicians.The first is evident in the everyday relations between individuals: thus, for example, the maniacal pleasure that some experience by controlling what other people do and say, manipulating their time or organizing their lives. Unless he is suffering, how can you be sure that he is obeying your will and not his own? Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing.At a more developed degree, one will also appreciate the strange taste for giving orders, for “surveillance and punishment”, for brutalizing and humiliating others. Do you begin to see, then, what kind of world we are creating?’ ’Yes.’ ’You are prepared to cheat, to forge, to blackmail, to corrupt the minds of children, to distribute habit-forming drugs, to encourage prostitution, to disseminate venereal diseases — to do anything which is likely to cause demoralization and weaken the power of the Party?’ ’Yes.’ ’If, for example, it would somehow serve our interests to throw sulphuric acid in a child’s face — are you prepared to do that?