Brave New World is a dystopian novel by English author Aldous Huxley, written in 1931 and published in 1932.Largely set in a futuristic World State, inhabited by genetically modified citizens and an intelligence-based social hierarchy, the novel anticipates huge scientific advancements in reproductive technology, sleep-learning, psychological manipulation, and classical conditioning, that are combined to make a utopian society which is challenged by only a single individual: the story's protagonist.
Despite spending his whole life in the reservation, John has never been accepted by the villagers, and his and Linda's lives have been hard and unpleasant.
Linda has taught John to read, although from the only two books in her possession—a scientific manual and the complete works of Shakespeare.
His work with sleep-learning allows him to understand, and disapprove of, his society's methods of keeping its citizens peaceful, which includes their constant consumption of a soothing, happiness-producing drug called soma.
Courting disaster, Bernard is vocal and arrogant about his criticisms, and his boss contemplates exiling him to Iceland because of his nonconformity.
Shortly before writing the novel, Huxley visited Mond's technologically advanced plant near Billingham, north east England, and it made a great impression on him.
Huxley used the setting and characters in his science fiction novel to express widely held opinions, particularly the fear of losing individual identity in the fast-paced world of the future.She had meanwhile become pregnant by a fellow-holidaymaker (who is revealed to be Bernard's boss, the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning).She did not try to return to the World State, because of her shame at her pregnancy.In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World as #5 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.Translations of the title often allude to similar expressions used in domestic works of literature: the French edition of the work is entitled Le Meilleur des mondes (The Best of All Worlds), an allusion to an expression used by the philosopher Gottfried Leibniz By this time, Huxley had already established himself as a writer and social satirist.Bernard's popularity is fleeting, though, and he becomes envious that John only really bonds with the literary-minded Helmholtz.Considered hideous and friendless, Linda spends all her time using soma, while John refuses to attend social events organised by Bernard, appalled by what he perceives to be an empty society.The humiliated Director resigns in shame before he can follow through with exiling Bernard.Bernard, as "custodian" of the "savage" John who is now treated as a celebrity, is fawned on by the highest members of society and revels in attention he once scorned.Bernard and Lenina witness a violent public ritual and then encounter Linda, a woman originally from the World State who is living on the reservation with her son John, now a young man.She, too, visited the reservation on a holiday many years ago, but became separated from her group and was left behind.