If you make reference to a work or piece of research without mentioning the author in the text of your essay, then both the author's name and year are usually placed at the end of the sentence in brackets.
Where the author's name is cited in your essay and is part of the sentence, put the author's name, followed by the year of publication, in brackets.
In spite of this, large numbers of intelligent people condemn and resent language change, regarding alterations as due to unnecessary sloppiness, laziness or ignorance.
Aitchison clearly sees every change in language as neither good nor bad, but inevitable...
You may want to make minor changes to a direct quotation.
This is possible (as long as you don't change the meaning), but you must follow the rules.It is here additional bibliographical details are noted, such as the title and publisher.The first part of this guide looks at Harvard referencing within the text of your report, essay or assignment.Quoting more extended sections of text tends to be more common in arts and humanities subjects where it may be appropriate to quote frequently from sources that are being analysed or translated, like novels, plays or historical texts.As you take notes, ensure you clearly mark where you have quoted directly from the source.If you use a direct quotation from an author, you should: If you are quoting from a website or webpage that does not have page numbers, you do not need to include anything to indicate this in the citation.Example: "Language is subject to change, and is not caused by unnecessary sloppiness, laziness or ignorance" (Aitchison, 1981, p.67).Be particularly careful to note the original source of data, as well as the authorship of document you have found it in.Fuller details should be included in the reference list at the end of the essay.Reference to sources may be cited in the text in different ways depending on the nature of the sentence/paragraph that you are writing.When you are making reference to an author and his work in the text of your essay, report or other assignment, and you directly mention the author, this is followed by the date of the work in brackets (parentheses), and forms part of the sentence.