Critical Thinking Technology

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"Reading for pleasure is the key to developing these skills.

Students today have more visual literacy and less print literacy.

"However, most visual media are real-time media that do not allow time for reflection, analysis or imagination — those do not get developed by real-time media such as television or video games.

Technology is not a panacea in education, because of the skills that are being lost."Studies show that reading develops imagination, induction, reflection and critical thinking, as well as vocabulary," Greenfield said.

It was inspired by Bouygues' own concerns about her daughter's education.

The report's findings: When it comes to the PISA, there's little evidence that technology use has a positive impact on student scores, and some evidence that it could actually drag it down. The results varied widely, depending on the grade level, test, and type of technology used.In laparoscopic surgery, a surgeon makes a small incision in a patient and inserts a viewing tube with a small camera.The surgeon examines internal organs on a video monitor connected to the tube and can use the viewing tube to guide the surgery."Video game skill predicted laparoscopic surgery skills," Greenfield said.For instance, students who used computers to do research for reading projects tended to score higher on the reading portion of the NAEP.But there wasn't a lot of positive impact from using a computer for spelling or grammar practice.More than 85 percent of video games contain violence, one study found, and multiple studies of violent media games have shown that they can produce many negative effects, including aggressive behavior and desensitization to real-life violence, Greenfield said in summarizing the findings.In another study, video game skills were a better predictor of surgeons' success in performing laparoscopic surgery than actual laparoscopic surgery experience.Another study Greenfield analyzed found that college students who watched "CNN Headline News" with just the news anchor on screen and without the "news crawl" across the bottom of the screen remembered significantly more facts from the televised broadcast than those who watched it with the distraction of the crawling text and with additional stock market and weather information on the screen."If you're a pilot, you need to be able to monitor multiple instruments at the same time.If you're a cab driver, you need to pay attention to multiple events at the same time.As technology has played a bigger role in our lives, our skills in critical thinking and analysis have declined, while our visual skills have improved, according to research by Patricia Greenfield, UCLA distinguished professor of psychology and director of the Children's Digital Media Center, Los Angeles.Learners have changed as a result of their exposure to technology, says Greenfield, who analyzed more than 50 studies on learning and technology, including research on multi-tasking and the use of computers, the Internet and video games.


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