Employee Motivation Review Of Literature

The motivation for behavior may also be attributed to less- apparent reasons such as altruism or morality. Porter proposed that “how behavior gets started, is energized, is sustained, is directed, is stopped and what kind of subjective reaction is present in the organization while all this is going on” Greenberg & Baron define motivation as, “The set of processes that arouse, direct, and maintain human behavior towards attaining some goal.” Halepota defines motivation as “a person’s active participation and commitment to achieve the prescribed results.” Steers proposed that “Never before and, some would argue, never since has so much progress been made in explicating the aetiology of work motivation” Young suggested that “motivation can be defined in a variety of ways, depending on who you ask . ...stablish the emotional connect to the cause of the role are likely to get more productivity. Challenge them When you challenge people, they respond with a vengeance.

Motivation refers to the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of human behavior. Ask some one on the street, you may get a response like “its what drives us” or “its what make us do the things we do.” Therefore motivation is the force within an individual that account for the level, directio... Ask people for better customer serving ideas, improving processes in manufacturing companies or even how to increase their day-to-day response time.

According to Lockley (2012) offering training and development programs that effectively contributes to personal and professional growth of individuals is another effective employee motivation strategy.

At the same time, Lockley (2012) warns that in order for motivational aspects of training and development initiatives to be increased, ideally they need to be devised and implemented by a third party with relevant competency and experience.

This has examined the multidimensionality of motivation from the existing literature and present a conceptual framework based on it, and it is experienced that various motivation techniques (discussed in this study) are having a positive impact on both employee satisfaction and the quality of performance in the organization; however, the model needs to be validated using quantitative measures.

In order to study the various issues highlighted in this paper related to employee motivation, a large body of literature mainly from different journals have been incorporated.

Chapter-2 Review of literature Motivation: Motivation is the reason or reasons for engaging in a particular behavior as studied in economics, psychology and neuropsychology.

These reasons may include basic needs such as food or desired object, hobbies, goal, state of being or ideal.

The individual has the desire to perform a specific task, because its results are in accordance with his belief system or fulfills a desire and therefore importance is attached to it.

Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivation means that the individual's motivational stimuli is coming from outside.


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