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Severe water contamination and scarcity have compounded land deterioration.Environmental degradation threatens to undermine the country’s growth and exhausts public patience with the pace of reform.The population of the region consisting of the Middle East and North Africa have also been expanding at a rapid pace over the past few decades.
The one-child policy was a program that was implemented nationwide by the Chinese government in 1980 in order to limit most Chinese families to one child each.
The policy was enacted to address the growth rate of China’s population, which the government viewed as being too high.
Similarly, Orissa’s population exceeds that of Canada, and Chhattisgarh’s that of Australia.
The impact of human transformation is especially felt in terms of culture, but economic effects are also important.
In late 2015 the government announced that the one-child limit per family would end in 2016.
Here are some of the major consequences of the policy.
People who make the change are often young people, while the old and the children follow them.
The following are some of the other similar problems generated by overpopulation: Food and nutrition problems; housing problems; starvation and famine; infectious diseases and epidemics; increasing population pressure on the cities and development of slums; heavy burden on most resources; decrease in agricultural areas; continuous destruction of forests; threat to environment including wildlife; political instability, war, social evils and corruption, etc.
Interestingly, USA, that ranks 3rd in the list of most populated countries of the world, is inhabited by 311.1 million people who comprise just 1/4th of India’s population.
This gap become even more astonishing when considered that the USA is three times larger than India in size.