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Gender parity in education is slowly being achieved, though in Balochistan, parity in primary and secondary education fell between 2002 to 2012.At the start of 2015, Pakistan is not on track to attain the Millennium Development Goal for gender parity in education.
Urban/rural differences remain pronounced, however, with 15% of the rural population living in poverty compared to only 7% of the urban population.
On the multidimensional poverty map created by uk (see Figure 3 below), most green areas (lower levels of poverty) are major towns and cities, while red regions (higher levels of poverty) correlate with mostly rural areas.
Growth in the new millennium did not alter the pace of poverty reduction, demonstrating that the responsiveness (or elasticity) of poverty to growth has declined.
Going forward, even stronger growth, coupled with direct interventions, may be needed to achieve further falls in poverty.
But stronger and more sustained growth is needed to continue reducing poverty in order to reach the poorest of the poor.
Equitable income distribution is important, as it can influence the effect of growth on poverty reduction: if income inequality is high, economic gains are more likely to accrue accrue to the wealthy with little left for the poor.
Unlike its predecessors, the program transfers money to the female head in each household, the idea being to increase women’s empowerment.
The BISP significantly increased the amount of social welfare the Pakistani government was spending on the poor.
These apparent flaws in the methodology have led to some skepticism over the Bureau of Statistics’ latest poverty data.
The larger issue is that if the government cannot collect reliable poverty data, then it cannot be sure of whether its poverty eradication policies are achieving the desired results.