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This document reviews the safety data and information of GE crops and foods obtained from them.
Sanjaya Rajaram, winner of the 2014 World Food Prize, used an innovative…In a landmark West Australian Supreme Court decision, a farmer growing a genetically modified canola crop has been spared the blame after his neighbour accused him of contaminating his organic farm next…Many people, including me, are pretty fed up with the continuing fuss about GM food and crops.
The first genetically engineered (GE) food crop (tomato) was introduced in 1995, followed by the successful development and commercial release of maize, soybeans, cotton, canola, potatoes, papaya, alfalfa, squash, and sugar beets with specific new genetic traits.
The first generation of GE crops was developed by introducing protein-coding genes from other species (transgenes).
Some were from bacteria that were used as organic pesticides (eg, ]) or from a plant virus (eg, potato leaf-roll virus, papaya ringspot virus).
RNAi is a natural process that combats infection of RNA viruses or controls expression of endogenous gene expression (Eamens , 2008; Vaucheret, 2006).
Methods using RNAi are being investigated for controlling diseases and organisms that attack plants and animals, as well as medicinal control of cancers and metabolic disease as can be seen by searching Pub Med with “RNAi” and “genetic engineering”.
Genetically engineered (GE) crops have been produced and marketed commercially for more than 20 years, and the foods obtained from them have been consumed by millions of people and billions of livestock animals (Van Eenennaam and Young, 2014).
The safety of GE crops introduced into the market has been assessed for potential to cause adverse effects to human and animal health or the environment in premarket approval processes.
Most successful GE crops have been developed for large-scale commodity crops (eg, maize, potato, soybean).
The same methods are being used today to generate insect-resistant crops specifically grown in small markets (eg, bacterial-resistant bananas and citrus greening-resistant fruit trees).