Regina, her dead mother, and Engstrand parallel Oswald, his mother, and the dead Mr. One side represents that part of society whose members have loose morals, aspirations to gentility, and who grab at whatever opportunity for self-betterment they can; the other side represents the best in society, a group whose members are cultured, propertied, and have strong ethics.In the middle, as if he were a fulcrum balancing the extremes, stands Pastor Manders.She regards the occasion as the end of "this long dreadful comedy." After tomorrow she shall feel as if the dead husband had never lived here. Engstrand's appearance keynotes the theme of a depraved parent who ensnares his child in his own dissolution, especially as the carpenter asks Regina to join him in his planned enterprise.
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Engstrand has come to ask Regina to live with him and work for him in his planned "seamen's home." He says he has saved enough money from doing carpentry work on the new orphanage to begin this enterprise and now that she has grown into "such a fine wench" she would be a valuable asset. Politely inquiring after Oswald, Manders then asks who reads these books. Alving, there are many occasions in life when one has to rely on the opinions of others.
He clearly implies that this seamen's home will be a high class brothel. Since Engstrand requires a strong influence to keep him from drinking, Manders suggests that Regina, out of filial duty, return to live with him and be "the guiding hand" in her father's life. He gives a start after reading the title page of one, and with increasing disapproval looks at some others. Shocked to find they are hers, he wonders how such readings could contribute to her feeling of self-reliance, as she puts it, or how they can confirm her own impressions. "I have read quite enough about them to disapprove of them," he answers. That is the way in the world, and it is quite right that it should be so. He now wishes to discuss their mutual business — the Captain Alving Orphanage — built by Mrs. Although she has left all the arrangements to Manders, he wants to ask whether they should insure the buildings.
Besides thoughts of her son, she also had her work to sustain her, Mrs. Too besotted to be useful, her husband depended on her to keep him in touch with his work during his lucid intervals. Analysis As the first act functions to introduce the characters, the central problem of the play, as well as the essential story line, the playwright carefully forewarns his audience of the themes he will develop in subsequent acts.
She improved and arranged all his properties, and she is converting his share of the estate into the "Captain Alving Orphanage." By this gesture Mrs. In fact, the first scene of a well written drama often presents a complete analogy of the whole play.
Alving hopes to "silence all rumors and clear away all doubt" as to the truth of her husband's life. With this in mind, the author imparts special significance to the order of appearance of his characters.
None of his father's estate shall pass on to Oswald; "my son shall have everything from me," she states. Regina is the first to appear, showing by dress and demeanor that she is a properly reared servant maid.
Manders makes excuses because the "poor fellow" has so many anxieties.
"Heaven be thanked," he says, "I am told he is really making an effort to live a blameless life. Oswald appears, bearing so much likeness to his dead father that Manders is startled; Mrs.