He used the interest of many southerners in western lands to tie his allies to the French cause.
The friends of France were not merely interested in western expansion; they genuinely believed that the cause of liberty, faced with hostile European powers, was in peril.
This dissertation explores the hundreds of black and Native American preachers who worked as Christian missionaries in the early modern British Atlantic world.
While scholars have generally accepted the convention that most missionaries were white Europeans who knew little about the native peoples they were trying to convert, there were practical and theological explanations for why native preachers not only became ubiquitous, but often outnumbered their white counterparts in Protestant missions.
However, because of different conceptions of the nature of republics, diplomatic errors were made, mostly on the French side.
The Girondin minister to the United States, Edmond Charles Genet, was instructed to spread revolution into the colonial holdings of Britain and Spain.
They believed that the gentiles – or unconverted nations – were central to their own conversion during the initial spread of Christianity and incorporated this model of early Christian evangelization into their own approach to missionary work among black slaves, Africans, and Native Americans.
Situated as they were between British missionaries and unconverted natives, indigenous missionaries also found themselves at the center of transatlantic conversations about race, empire, spiritual authority, and the place of Native Americans and Africans in Western Christendom.
The central argument of this dissertation is that slaves in Cuba resisted oppression in a myriad of ways.
Not only the scholarly favored maroon communities and violent revolts constituted their forms of rejecting slavery.