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Amore et studio elucidande veritatis hec subscripta disputabuntur Wittenberge, Presidente R.
Their various religious movements spread throughout the Holy Roman Empire and gained converts primarily from the peasant class.
Luther himself did not approve of many of these movements.
However, as the Church’s need for money grew, the sellers of indulgences began promising that they absolved the buyers of sin and ensured that they would be released from purgatory.
Luther was not the only man who objected to indulgences; Frederick, the elector of Saxony, forbade the sale of indulgences within the state, but many people went to nearby Juterbog and Thuringia to buy them.
Martin Luther (1483-1546) is rightly regarded as the founder of the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation - the religious, political, cultural and social revolution that broke the hold of the Catholic Church over Europe.
Luther was born in Eisleben in eastern Germany in 1483.Basic information: (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German monk, priest, professor of theology and iconic figure of the Protestant Reformation.He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money.What is sure, though, is that the young Luther had to stand up for himself to defy his father, who wanted him to train for the legal profession, and assert his own desire to seek his everlasting salvation.In 1505, with that aim in mind, he got his own way when he entered the monastery, in Erfurt in Saxony, of the Augustinian Eremites, a strict order noted for its academic interests and pastoral concerns.To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive.Buy Online Access Buy Print & Archive Subscription If you have already purchased access, or are a print & archive subscriber, please ensure you are logged in. Falli ob id necesse est maiorem partem populi per indifferentem illam et magnificam pene solute promissionem. Qualem potestatem habet papa in purgatorium generaliter, talem habet quilibet Episcopus et Curatus in sua diocesi et parochia specialiter. Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis (quam nullam habet) sed per modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem. Hominem predicant, qui statim ut iactus nummus in cistam tinnierit evolare dicunt animam. Certum est, nummo in cistam tinniente augeri questum et avariciam posse: suffragium autem ecclesie est in arbitrio dei solius. Quis scit, si omnes anime in purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est insanire. Dicimus contra, quod venie papales nec minimum venialium peccatorum tollere possint quo ad culpam. Nullus securus est de veritate sue contritionis, multominus de consecutione plenarie remissionis. Quam rarus est vere penitens, tam rarus est vere indulgentias redimens, i. Petri, de suis pecuniis dare illis, a quorum plurimis quidam concionatores veniarum pecuniam eliciunt. Vana est fiducia salutis per literas veniarum, etiam si Commissarius, immo Papa ipse suam animam pro illis impigneraret. Hostes Christi et Pape sunt ii, qui propter venias predicandas verbum dei in aliis ecclesiis penitus silere iubent. Iniuria fit verbo dei, dum in eodem sermone equale vel longius tempus impenditur veniis quam illi. Mens Pape necessario est, quod, si venie (quod minimum est) una campana, unis pompis et ceremoniis celebrantur, Euangelium (quod maximum est) centum campanis, centum pompis, centum ceremoniis predicetur. Thesauri ecclesie, unde Pape dat indulgentias, neque satis nominati sunt neque cogniti apud populum Christi. Temporales certe non esse patet, quod non tam facile eos profundunt, sed tantummodo colligunt multi concionatorum. Nec sunt merita Christi et sanctorum, quia hec semper sine Papa operantur gratiam hominis interioris et crucem, mortem infernumque exterioris. Multomagnis fulminare intendit eos, qui per veniarum pretextum in fraudem sancte charitatis et veritatis machinantur, 75. Petrus modo Papa esset maiores gratias donare posset, est blasphemia in sanctum Petrum et Papam. Dicimus contra, quod etiam iste et quilibet papa maiores habet, scilicet Euangelium, virtutes, gratias, curationum &c. He opposed the revolt by peasants against German princes and Catholic clergy in 1525, even though many held his ideas responsible for inciting the revolt.The revolt was put down and the “savage reprisals alienated the peasantry from Luther and the decline of Lutheranism in southern Germany dates from the crushing defeat of the Revolt,” according to John New, author of “The Renaissance and the Reformation: A Short History.” The Catholic Church launched a Counter-Reformation in the 1540s to restore Catholicism in lands where Protestantism had taken hold.