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Indeed, in the last century, many social reformers have urged citizens to disobey laws they regarded as immoral or unjust laws.Peaceful civil disobedience is an ethical way of protesting laws or expressing political viewpoints.
These standards also help members of the discipline to coordinate their actions or activities and to establish the public's trust of the discipline.
For instance, ethical standards govern conduct in medicine, law, engineering, and business.
One plausible explanation of these disagreements is that all people recognize some common ethical norms but interpret, apply, and balance them in different ways in light of their own values and life experiences.
For example, two people could agree that murder is wrong but disagree about the morality of abortion because they have different understandings of what it means to be a human being.
Another way of defining 'ethics' focuses on the disciplines that study standards of conduct, such as philosophy, theology, law, psychology, or sociology.
For example, a is someone who studies ethical standards in medicine.
See Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Research Ethics.
There are several reasons why it is important to adhere to ethical norms in research.
Finally, many of the norms of research promote a variety of other important moral and social values, such as social responsibility, human rights, animal welfare, compliance with the law, and public health and safety.
Ethical lapses in research can significantly harm human and animal subjects, students, and the public.