This decline is due mainly to a large drop in the number of new unauthorized immigrants, especially Mexicans, coming into the country. Their numbers (and share of the total) have been declining in recent years: There were 4.9 million Mexican unauthorized immigrants living in the U. The number of unauthorized immigrants has grown since 2007 from both Central America and Asia.
The origin countries of unauthorized immigrants also shifted during that time, with the number from Mexico declining and the number rising from Central America and Asia, according to the latest Pew Research Center estimates. There were 1.5 million Central American unauthorized immigrants in 2007 and 1.9 million in 2017.
Here are five facts about the unauthorized immigrant population in the U. There were 10.5 million unauthorized immigrants in the U. This growth was fueled mainly by immigrants from the Northern Triangle nations of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.
The number of Mexican unauthorized immigrants declined since 2007, while the total from other nations ticked up.
Two-thirds of all undocumented immigrants, the researchers found, had lived in the United States for more than 10 years.“This is a much more rooted, established population than it was in 2007,” Ms. “There are markedly fewer short-term residents and more long term residents.”One million immigrants without papers are protected from deportation by the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program and other mechanisms.
Pew estimates that about 700,000 people in the United States who were brought to the country without documents as children have received protection from deportation through DACA.
“There was an average of 386,000 annual unauthorized arrivals for the 2011-16 period, compared with 715,000 for the 2002-07 period.
That amounts to a 46 percent decline,” according to the report.
The unauthorized immigrant population decreased in a dozen states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York and Oregon. A declining share of unauthorized immigrants have lived in the U. for five years or less – 20% of adults in 2017, compared with 30% in 2007.
In five states, the unauthorized immigrant population rose over the same period: Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Dakota and South Dakota. About two-thirds (66%) of unauthorized immigrant adults in 2017 had been in the U. In 2017, unauthorized immigrant adults had lived in the U. for a median of 15.1 years, meaning that half had been in the country at least that long.