The other reason for countries to adopt a sustainable foreign policy approach is that SDG implementation prevents conflicts and yields a high peace dividend.
Violent conflicts are increasingly linked to global challenges such as climate change, natural disasters and transnational organized crime.
They can strengthen and shape the level of international cooperation that is needed to address global structures, through fora such as the UN, G20, G7 and EU.
Just as importantly, they can help build relationships and enable cooperation on the ground.
In July 2019, the UN High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) – the successor to the Commission on Sustainable Development – convened in New York to review global progress on the last set of SDGs and to allow countries to present Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs).
To inform the Forum, two official SDG progress reports (the UN’s official Sustainable Development Goals Report 2019 and the Secretary General’s report) as well as numerous civil society reports (such as the SDG Index Report 2019) shed light on the progress the world is making, and they show that the global response to the 2030 Agenda has not been ambitious enough.Despite high-level political commitment to the SDGs, many governments have not taken critical steps necessary to implementing them.Most countries have endorsed the SDGs in official statements, but their central budget documents, financing schemes as well as bilateral and international agreements fail to mention the SDGs or live up to their promises.One outcome is the essay volume titled, ‘ The SDG Update compiles the news, commentary and upcoming events that are published on the SDG Knowledge Hub each day, delivering information on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to your inbox.The United States-led invasion of Iraq represents the first application of a new national security policy that has come to be known as the Bush doctrine, after President George W. The Bush doctrine signals a radical break from previous national security strategies and fundamentally changes the way the United States may act toward the rest of the world. It also provides links to related information in Encarta Encyclopedia.Both the SDGs and foreign policy share the same objectives: peace, prosperity and stability.But policymakers often still see the SDGs as an add-on or as one topic among many others, and they wonder how to engage with the Goals and their interlinkages.Diplomats can take up a more deliberate approach to the SDGs, an approach that one could call “Sustainable Foreign Policy.” Why is sustainable foreign policy needed?First, the need is urgent for renewed multilateralism and international cooperation.At the same time, there is a widely held view that SDG implementation is a technical exercise that lies mainly with the ministries of development or environment.For foreign policy to move towards being more preventive, the 2030 Agenda serves as an ideal compass.