But when the Missouri Territory applied for statehood in 1818, the issue of slavery immediately emerged as an obstacle.Missouri had petitioned Congress for statehood as a slaveholding state. After all, if Missouri was admitted as a slave state, the number of slave states in the Union would be greater than the number of free (nonslave) states by a twelve-to-eleven count.
But when the Missouri Territory applied for statehood in 1818, the issue of slavery immediately emerged as an obstacle.Missouri had petitioned Congress for statehood as a slaveholding state. After all, if Missouri was admitted as a slave state, the number of slave states in the Union would be greater than the number of free (nonslave) states by a twelve-to-eleven count.Tags: Marijuana Argument EssayNew Nih Biosketch Personal StatementNursing Community Research PaperHomework Activities For KindergartenDo Your Homework For YouTeach Descriptive EssayEssay On Mexico'S EconomyWhat Does Photosythesis
As each new state and territory was admitted into the Union, the two sides engaged in furious arguments over whether slavery would be permitted within its borders.
Urged on by the growing abolitionist movement, Northerners became determined to halt the spread of slavery.
During the 1820s and 1830s, the different needs of the two regions' economies further strained relations between the North and the South.
The first half of the nineteenth century was also a period of great expansion for the United States.
In 1803, the nation purchased the vast Louisiana Territory from France, and in the late 1840s it wrestled Texas and five hundred thousand square miles of land in western North America from Mexico.
But in both of these cases, the addition of new land deepened the bitterness between the North and the South.
Ignoring Southern complaints, Congress passed a second Tariff Act in 1832 that was also seen as providing benefits to the North at the expense of the South. Calhoun (1782–1850), a former vice president of the United States, the South Carolina legislature decided to take a stand against the new tariffs. In early 1833, the tense situation was finally resolved.
In November 1832, state legislators passed the Ordinance of Nullification, which described the new taxes as "unconstitutional, oppressive [harsh], and unjust." The language of the bill reflected the legislature's belief that the state had the right to disregard the new federal tariff laws because it did not support them. president Andrew Jackson (1767–1845) was appalled by the passage of the South Carolina bill, and he warned state officials that he was willing to use the military to enforce federal law. Both the federal and South Carolina governments agreed on a compromised system of reduced tariffs.
hroughout the first half of the nineteenth century, the Northern and Southern regions of the United States struggled to find a mutually acceptable solution to the slavery issue.
Unfortunately, little common ground could be found.